Everything is in the title, well almost: the script to launch is a simple ncurses dialog in tty2.
I couldn’t find it as a whole on Internet but I needed it to make the installer for the tizen-installer image (see this wiki page for details).
This window is made by “dialog” (the program). If you don’t already have it, check out dialog’s home page. Many *nix distributions (if not all) already have a packet for it.
Systemd service file
If you didn’t know it, every systemd service has a file. This file indicates many metadata/informations, checkout the
systemd.service man page.
Systemd service files are usually stored in
/usr/lib/systemd/system. Our file
simple-window-dialog.service is quite simple:
Let’s go through some of the settings, as aforementioned the script will run on tty2 so “After” and “TTYPath” must be set accordingly. The value of “TTYPath” is actually used by the following options:
- “TTYReset” clear the tty (as in the
- “TTYVHangup” conveniently disconnect users of the tty
- “StandardInput” connect stdin to the tty
For more on those options see the
systemd.exec man page.
Systemd should now see our service:
As you can see this service is currently useless, let’s make it start at boot. There is two way to do it and depends if you can interact with the system before his first launch.
Start a service before the first launch
If you can’t use an interactive shell, typically you are creating a bootable image, you can still enable your service with a symlink:
You may need to create the
Enable a service (the handy way)
An interactive shell simplify the process, it really don’t do much more than do the symlink for you. Type
systemctl enable simple-window-dialog.service and your system will start at boot.
The script file
This file is to be placed in
/usr/bin/dialog-hello.sh (don’t forget to add executable permissions):
chvt 2 means “change foreground terminal to tty2”,
dialog --msgbox "Hello world!" 10 40 create a rectangular (10 * 40) message box with a “OK” button and our message.
sleep 5 is more hackish: if you run this script (at boot) with a login manager or a graphical environment, you won’t end-up on tty2. For example I use slim as graphical login manager and it steals the focus, even with a “After” dependency in the systemd service. However, the sleep command in totally useless if you don’t have a graphical environment (automatically launched that is).
Reboot and enjoy! (Ctrl + Alt + F7 to get back to the graphical environment).
To the infinite and beyond
You can do many things to improve the script, after all this is only a PoC:
- Define better colors for dialog (search for
.dialogrcin the dialog man page)
- Force the kernel to print less messages in terminal (the dialog window can be bullied by those) with the “quiet” boot option or special values in printk.
- A (much) more complex script, dialog can do a lot, try it out!